The Quantum Vacuum Field (QVF), commonly referred to as the zero point field (ZPF), with its attendant zero point energy (ZPE) is now broadly recognized as a vast field of electromagnetic energy. This field represents the underlying energy that is ubiquitous in the universe, even where there is otherwise nothing but vacuum. The electromagnetic energy of the QVF is composed of a combination of every frequency (or wavelength) that exists—some very long, and others, incredibly short. The quantity of such energy in this field is enormous, estimated conservatively to be the equivalent of more than the total annual energy output of the sun, packed into one cubic meter! The prospect of diverting mere droplets of this energy to human purposes represents a momentous breakthrough, on a par with no previous human technical achievement. The initial Jovion patent 7,379,286, describes a device that would allow access to this energy. The argument that the quantum vacuum energy cannot be tapped because such energy is already in the lowest state is incorrect since this energy can be lower than the ambient quantum vacuum state inside Casimir cavities.
A Casimir cavity is the space between two parallel conducting plates that are brought into close proximity (less than 1/millionth of a meter). The plates will be attracted to one another with a force that increases as the distance between them decreases and will actually force the two plates together!
Waves are suppressed inside a Casimir cavity.
This phenomenon, known as the Casimir Force, is well-known and has been repeatedly demonstrated and measured in a number of credible laboratories. We have identified another Casimir effect which allows us to harvest energy from the QVF. The explanation for this phenomenon is attributed to the electromagnetic energy of the QVF. Wavelengths longer than the distance between the two plates (See Figure 2) are excluded from the space between the plates—the Casimir Cavity.
The common image of the atom is a nucleus, orbited by an electron(s). This simplistic model is useful in understanding the Jovion energy harvesting process. (See Figure 3a). As the electron orbits the nucleus, the electron loses energy. Like an orbiting satellite, if the electron loses energy, its orbit decays and it would eventually spiral into the nucleus.
In the case of an electron, this occurs in less than a billionth of a second. If energy were not constantly being added to replace the energy the electron radiates, matter, as we know it, could not exist. Without a quantum vacuum to keep atomic electrons energized, all atoms in the universe and the universe itself would effectively implode. As long as the atom is exposed to the QVF, the electron energy balance is maintained. Block access to these frequencies and the electron loses energy.
A simple analogy is found in Tether Ball. The ball (electron) remains in motion as long as energy is replaced by a player (the QVF) striking the ball. Temporarily separate the players from the ball, and it ceases to orbit the pole. Return the players, and the ball resumes its orbit.
Jovion has invented a way to indirectly extract useful energy from the QVF (ZPE) by using atoms flowing through Casimir cavities. Casimir cavities can be made by using nanolithography techniques. They influence the orbital electrons in atoms as they pass through the cavity. The cavities we require must (1) exclude certain frequencies of the QVF and (2) must allow the flow of gas through them. The electron is no longer able to replenish all of the energy it radiates inside a Casimir cavity. It’s orbital energy decreases, and it drops to a lower energy state releasing one or more photons. These photons are then converted to useable electricity by photovoltaic solar cells. Ordinary LED lights work on the same principle; wherein an electron drops from a higher energy state (orbital) to a lower energy state, light (photons) is emitted.
Shown here is a 50 micron, perforated gold-membrane Casimir cavity formed by laser bursts.
We plan to use narrow nano-cavities in a conductive material. The nano cavities are effectively acting as Casimir plates. Since the nano-cavities are so small they block wavelengths larger than the diameter of the nano-cavities. The wavelengths are blocked because they do not fit within the space of the nano-cavity.
Gas flows through Casimir cavities inside a closed loop system via a small pump. [NOTE: This is analogous to freon flowing in a refrigerator]. Once a gas atom enters the Casimir cavities, it releases energy in the form of light! This is because the gas atom drops into a lower energy state while in any one of the Casimir cavities, since it doesn’t receive its energy anymore from surrounding space. Candidates gases are: helium, nitrogen, xenon, neon, argon or krypton. Jovion harvests this light energy by making use of a solar cell.
When the atom exits the cavity, it is once again exposed to the frequencies which were formerly blocked and the electron is restored to its original energy level. The electron’s orbital energy is replenished from the QVF. (The process is analogous to an automobile radio losing its signal upon entering a tunnel only to regain the signal when the auto exits the tunnel.)
At this point, the atom can re-enter the cavity or any other cavity and repeat the process endlessly. Each passage through a cavity is capable of producing one or more electron volts per atom (estimate). In this manner, energy is extracted (indirectly) from the QVF.
Jovion intends to use a Casimir cavity device fabricated by an appropriate nano-lithography laboratory. This device would either block or unblock the ZPF energy in a rigorous geometrical fashion.
The electron, shown as a red dot, is energized by the ZPE in Figure 6 (zoomed-in view). A gas atom flows through a series of Casimir cavities. ZPF waves are denoted by squiggly lines with an arrow at the end. A gas atom (Neon in this example) expels energy in the form of emitted photons (=light) once it is in the Casimir Cavity. The atom re-energizes upon exiting a Casimir cavity.
The gas atoms are circulated by a small pump which drives the gas around in a closed system.
Jovion believes the solution to the world’s energy crisis is surrounding us everywhere, just waiting for the right device to extract it.
The QVF can supply unlimited clean, safe, and inexpensive power for our phones, lights, cars, household appliances, factories and indeed just about anything electrical—on demand! (No batteries needed).
Jovion plans to create a JOVION ENERGY CELL where GAS (red arrows) is caused to flow back and forth through small passages in the CASIMIR GENERATOR by a PIEZOELECTRIC TRANSDUCER which acts as a small pump.
The universe is filled with an invisible sea of quantum energy — the quantum vacuum field (QVF). We have uncovered an indirect method for tapping into this universal source of energy. We discussed the theoretical reasons for believing that stable orbitals of electrons are determined by a balance of absorption and emission of radiation from the QVF. The Jovion Energy Cell uses this concept in a closed system where gas flows through Casimir cavities. Flowing gas through the cavities momentarily shields electrons of atoms from longer wavelengths of ZPE. During its passage, a small amount of energy in the form of a PHOTON (light) is captured by a PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL and converted to electricity using basic solar cell technology. When the atoms and their accompanying electrons leave the cavities, their energy is replenished by the universal ZPE reservoir and the cycle repeats itself.
This concept is based on the quantum vacuum being less than zero inside a Casimir cavity. The electron orbitals in atoms are determined by certain quantum numbers. However, it has been discovered (using stochastic electrodynamics theory that there is a physical process that underlies these numbers. The absorption of energy from the universal quantum vacuum field (aka zero-point field or zero-point energy) balances the Larmor emission of “orbiting” electrons” at discrete energies. If that is the case, then it should be possible to change orbitals by changing the quantum vacuum field. This can be accomplished using Casimir cavities and it should be possible thereby to indirectly release energy from electrons whose orbitals are being shifted. The argument that the quantum vacuum energy cannot be tapped because such energy is already in the lowest state is incorrect since this energy can be lower than the ambient quantum vacuum state inside Casimir cavities. The ability to induce macroscopic phenomena attributable to Casimir effects is evident in the now well-known Casimir Force. (Keep in mind that the quantum vacuum is not really a vacuum: it is full of many virtual particles and fields.)
In Summary: In Stochastic Electrodynamics, electron orbitals in atoms are determined by there being a balance between absorption from the QVF and Larmor emission at a given wavelength: hence establishing the energy level of that orbital. Inside a Casimir cavity, the emission/absorption condition can be altered so that an electron will drop to a lower energy state with attendant emission which we will capture.